ULTRA LIGHT AIRCRAFTS IN THE NETHERLANDS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MAL (Announcement To Aviators) 01/93 26 May 93 Revised

This announcement to aviators has been translated out of the Dutch language. Although this text was translated with care, the translator does not accept any responsibility for damage, claims or mistakes caused by misinterpretations or mistranslations. This translation is meant to inform about the Dutch regulations. This translation is not to be used for ultra light flying in the Netherlands in practice. In that case we refer to the origin Dutch version of MAL 01/93

Although it is possible to fly in the Netherlands with an ultra light aircraft since 1981, most specific rules regarding ultra light aircrafts are laid down in a system of exemptions. The general stipulations of the Dutch aviation act and complementary Dutch aviation regulations are also applicable for ultra light aircrafts because these aircrafts are aircrafts in the meaning of the Dutch aviation act.

a. definition

An Ultra Light Aircraft: is a wingaircraft, with an maximum approved totalmass less than 390 kg, an wingload less than 25 kg per square meter, a maximum fuelcapacity less than 50 liter, that is designed for maximum two occupants.

b. mass limitation

The maximum approved totalmass including safetybelts and approved instruments contains both for an one sitter and for a two sitter 390 kg.

c. minimum design requirements

If the type of ultra light aircraft has been approved by the British CAA or the German DAeC or DULV organizations, it is possible to obtain an dispensation. On the other hand the design has to be based on: BCAR Section S, CAP 482 (march '83, amended at 11 October 1988), that implicates among others that the aircraft should answer with the definition mentioned under a. The wingsurface may be hard or flexible and the stiringsystem may be both conventional and alternative.

Next special conditions are applicable:
The usersmanual (flightmanual) has to be in the Dutch language. Point 2, a(iv) of Subpart A of BCAR S is not applicable. fill in text point 1303: "(3) an compass" An two-sitter ultra light aircraft has to be provided with stickers on both side, reading clearly: “DIT ULTRA LICHTE VLIEGTUIG IS NIET TOEGELATEN VOOR PASSAGIERS- EN RONDVLUCHTEN” (This ultra light aircraft is not admitted for passengers or roundtrips)

The level of airworthiness of an aircraft that meets to above requirements is not sufficient to use the aircraft for transport of passengers or to use the aircraft for aerialwork (except in case of soloflights or lessons), nor it is sufficient for a certificate of airworthiness according ICAO-standards. In the Netherlands some ultra light aircrafts are in use for scientifical, checking-, and photoflights. See f.

Operational requirements:

The front sits has to be provide with 3- or 4-points saftybelts an clock or watch with hour, minutes and seconds has to be in sight. Otherwise all the general Dutch aviation requirements are applicable for ultra light aircrafts.

d. sound

In short Ultra light aircrafts may not produce noise above 60 dB(A), measured from ground, when the aircraft is flying full power at 150 meter (method of measurement conform ICAO Annex 16 part 1 appendix 3, without performance correction).

Two sitters with a noise emission of more than 60 dB(A) and and less than 63 dB(A) will be allowed for instruction purposes An excerpt of the RLD-noise measurement report has to be on board the ultra light aircraft. This excerpt contains all the information of the ultra light aircraft which is essential from an acoustic viewpoint, including photos of admission, exhaust, propeller etc. Noise measurements have to be performed by an team of the KNVVL (Royal Dutch Association For Aviators) which works under the supervision of the RLD (Government Aviation Service).

e. registration

An valid license of registration of the ultra light aircraft in the civil aviation register is required. An registration distinguish mark with an digit/letter/digit combination (for example: PH-1A1) will be assigned to ultra light aircrafts. This distinguish mark has to be bear at bottom and side of the aircraft according international regulations (ICAO Annex 7).

f. operational possibilities

The use of an ultra light aircraft is only allowed:
during the uniform daylightperiod and during VFR circumstances at grounds with an explicit permit which is given by the RLD. At 10/2092 a permit is given to the following aviationgrounds Budel, Lelystad, Onstwedde (Stadskanaal) and the Maasvlakte (in Rotterdam). For the present (awaiting the modifications of amvb ex article 14 of the Dutch aviation act) the conditions in the announcement on page 30 of the Staatscourant 222 of November 14, 1990 are valid for new grounds.

The possibilities of the use of ultra light aircrafts are for instruction flights, privatflights, scientifical flights, checking flights and photoflights. In a two sitter an qualification for ultra light flying is required for both passengers In 1991 the municipal police of Helmond experimented with the use of an ultra light aircraft. The conclusions of the experiment are: when it is possible to buy an ultra light aircraft with an JAR-VLA-certificate the minimum level of scientifical-, checking-, en photoflights have to be changed into an VLA-certification for ultra light aircrafts and the exemption for ultra light flying has to be changed into an (European professional pilots certificate. These minimum requirements will be matched to European permits for aerial work. Such permits will not be provided with persons or organizations which will use ultra light aircrafts for commercial purposes.

g. limitations of the use of ultra light aircrafts

1. Ultra light aircrafts are not also allowed in the following areas: an CTR, unless the chief of the concerned traffic control service gives preliminary written approval and agrees with the flightplan Within 4 km of the aviation ground reference point of an aviation ground which do not have an local traffic control service, or within an aviation ground traffic control area, unless the Director LVB or the DGRLD have given permission to land on or take off from this ground with an ultra light aircraft.; within an distance of 3 km of an glider launching site within an bird sanctuary as published in the Luchtvaartgids Nederland within an horizontal distance of 500 m of congested building, which are used as a residence for persons within an horizontal distance of 500 m of people populations; this distance may be 25 m during take off and landing; within an horizontal distance of 100 m of buildings which are used as a residence for persons; this distance may be 25 m during take off and landing within an horizontal distance of 1500 m till the border of an stillness area as mentioned in the articles 119 and 123 of the Dutch noise pollution act Wet.

2. the maximum flightlevel which was specifically required for ultra light aircrafts is abolished as per June 5, 1993. the minimum flightlevel is 150 m above the highest obstacle within 600 m;

3. aerobaticflight are prohibited hauling, throwing out materials and spraying/sprinkling is prohibited wearing an helmet is obligated the users limitations which are set by the instance of inspection during the approval of the aircraft and or the manufacturer have to be taken into account (the limitations are mentioned in the flight manual)

h. license requirements

1. student-pilot: 16 years or older; medical approved for gliding before first solo flight and all flights following. it is only allowed to fly under responsibility of an ULV-instructor; solo flights are approved only within 5 km of area of which was taken off.

2. ultra light aircraft pilot: as 1. plus: flight experience: 35 flying hours on wing aircraft. The minimum requirement of experience will be reduced till 25 flying hours when the education will be done at an approved flying-school. these hours may also contain flying hours on wing aircrafts (not ultra light aircrafts), motorgliders, gliders and soargliders, but 20 hours have to be flew on ultra light aircrafts, soargliders or (motor)gliders, of which 10 solo hours on ultra light aircrafts. Owners of an valid privat-, professional- or commercial license only have to do practical examine on sufficient level. theoretical examine (A or ultra light aircrafts) The theoretical examine for privat-flyer (A) can be declared valid with an exemption for flying an ultra light aircraft. practical examine (apart for conventional or gravity/weightstiring) 10 hours on an ultra light aircraft have to be flew last 12 monthOs to keep the license (exemption) valid. In case of both stiringsystems: 5 flying hours on each system.

3. assistant-instructor (for an maximum period of 18 months): as 2. plus: At least 125 flying hours flight experience as first pilot on wing aircrafts, of which at least 50 flying hours on ultra light aircrafts 25 flying hours on ultra light aircrafts will be sufficient for pilots with an valid qualification for flightinstruction. theoretical examine (oral) 18 years or older

4. ULV-instructor as 3. plus: practical examine

i. maintenance

Owners are responsible for the quality and maintenance of the ultra light aircraft maintenance may be done by the owners, on the understanding that the maintenance will satisfy the maintenance procedures of the manufacturer RLDOs preliminary approvement is required by modifications on the aircraft An modification request has to be provided with an positive statement of an ground engineer or glider mechanical.

j. numbers

At the moment ( November 1992 ) there are 170 registered ultra light aircrafts in the Netherlands. Since 1-1-83 approximately 380 persons have a permit to fly with an ultra light aircraft. Grounds with approved facilities for ultra light aircrafts are Lelystad, Budel, Onstwedde (Stadskanaal) and the Maasvlakte (Rotterdam).

For more information please contact:
Rijksluchtvaartdienst address:
Directie Luchtvaartinspectie Gebouw de Meerveste I
Postbus 575 Saturnusstraat 71
2130 AN Hoofddorp Hoofddorp (t.o. NS-station)
Telephone: 02503-63131 and for this subject: 63111
For public during working hours from Monday till Friday from 09.00 till 12.00 and from 13.30 till 16.00. (UTC +1 and +2 during summertime)

Overview of issue MAL 01/93: origin date of issue 6 January 1993 first revision dd. 26 May 1993 93085
Many thanks to Edward Heck for this translation!
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Jon N. Steiger / jon@ultralighthomepage.com